Agri-Hub Uganda

Promoting farmer entrepreneurship

 

Below are some briefs which I promised.

Milk Breeds

The most recognized diary breeds are the Anglo-Nubian of North Africa and the Swiss namely the Alpine, Saanen, Toggenburg and Oberhasli.

 

Milk output is about 2 - 4 litres per goat per day.

 

Reproduction cycle. The first mating for females should be at about 8 months old. Gestation takes 145 to 156 days but averages 150 days. A doe will be served while lactating so subsequent kidding should be every 8 months.

 

Feeding

Goats consume grasses, fodder trees, legumes and concentrates.

 

-         Balance the diets: enough proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water

-         Let them browse for eight hours a day in good pastures to ensure that they consume enough food. Provide enough feeds in stalls for those on zero grazing

 

The most nutritious grasses include: Chloris Gayana, Panicum, napier (elephant grass), potato vines,  Congo Signal grass for body maintenance.  

 

Feed them on proteins for optimum growth and milk production. The best protein sources are:

(a)    fodder tree leaves such as Moringa, Gliricidia Luecaena and Calliandra.

(b)   legumes such as Mucuna (Velvet Bean), Centrosma and Lab Lab.

 

NB: Legumes can cause blotting. Feed 2 to 3 kilograms of legumes to 30 kilograms of grasses and fodder. 

 

Water is a very important nutrient especially for milk production. It should be sufficient and clean.

 

Give them mineral salts for developing strong bones and teeth, providing good appetite and thus weight gain, and improving the hair coat. The most important minerals are calcium, phosphorous and selenium.

 

Vitamins can normally be obtained from green feeds as the goats browse. If needed, use injectables.

 

Treatment

Routine treatment involves:

(a)    deworming (worms and flukes) every 3 to four 4 months depending on the prevalence of the parasites. Kids might need monthly deworming until they are about 4 months old

(b)   spraying for lice, mites, ticks, etc. the interval depends on the prevalence of the parasites and the type of acaricide used.

 

Be strict on controlling ticks – they cause Heartwater disease. It can be treated with oxytetracycline Hi-tet but if not detected and no treatment is given within about 3 days the got will hardly survive.  

 

Shelter (pen / stall)

 

A pregnant doe needs at least 1.92 square meters of space while a dry one needs 1.5 square meters. 0.3 square meters is enough for a kid.

 

Floors of stalls should be about 1 meter above the ground to allow a person to clean under there.

 

Good ventilation is a must to minimize/prevent spreading of diseases and particularly ammonia gas from urine which chocks terribly.

 

Goats and rain are “enemies”. Cover the shelters.

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Other elements like pens/sheds (structure, hygiene, spacing)  pasture management, managing the reproductive cycle, lowering kid mortality, etc can be found in my book expected to be published  later this year.

 

However, do not hesitate to ask me any question meanwhile.

 

Ken + 256 701 965 722 or 392 965 722

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Thank you for that ken. Interesting.

Any chance you also have such briefs for the different breeds of cows present in Uganda?

If w are talking about business in dairy farming, one of the major constraints to commercial dairy farming in Uganda today is serious absence of quality breeding stock.  It should not be taken for granted that every cow that is black and white is a friesian pure breed for milk production.  Secondly, not every friesian cow that is black and white is a good dairy cow.  Thirdly, If I am a good dairy farmer with at least two or ten high milk yielding cows, and some one comes to buy a dairy cow from my farm, can I really give him any of my best milkers really?  Practically no.

Hussein,

There are some farms with high milkers for sale. I am very certain you can get good heifers if you visit farms which use artificial insemination for about 6 yrs. You need to talk to practicing veterinarians beacuse they know such farms. Ken

 

Thank you for this guiding info.  However, there is always a question this information ignites in my mind and I think in other potential farmers' minds too: Where can one get pure bred milk goats so that he can establish a dairy goat herd of his own (Not the roaming crosses of unknown level).  I am interested in keeping dairy goats and have goat milk for my breakfast every day.  How can I get a pure breed dairy goat (both male and female) for me to start?

I have 2 pure Saanen does, both pregnant for 3 months, Males I will not want to keep anyway and females only one probably. I can contact you when they deliver and we can discuss sales.

thanks

Anne,

Yes. Funds allowing, I should buy for a female for myself. I get trouble with cow milk but I am told goat's is fine.

 

Ken

 

Dear Kenneth,

Where can you buy seeds / stakes / plants of lablab, calliandra, napier etc. ?

Thanks

Anne

Dear Anne,

So sorry for replying you this late. You can get these from Namulonge reasearch centre and Kawanda Research Station. There are many seed suppliers in Uganda but some are fake, so go to credible organisations. I imagine that you can get their phone contacts from their websites.

Ken

Am interested in improving animal feeds with a bias on poultry feeds.

Cassim

Dear all,

I have a Saanen doe, 1-y old for sale NOW. price = 600.000 UGX

Anne

Hi Anna! Any update on your milk goats?  Is there any ready for sale (female kids). After that I will need another source of male kid to make up my breeding herd.

Yes, I have one 1-year and something old Doe for sale, she is ready to be serviced. I can give you some phone number for getting males. I saw a toggenburg male (kid) for sale.

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